How to Grow Pomegranate from Seeds. Pomegranate trees are perpetually providing. One fruit can give you enough trees to last a lifetime if you know of a tree nearby. The greatest feature is that growing pomegranates from seed is simple because nature takes care of much of the duty for you. Here we discuss the most efficient method for growing and cultivating pomegranate seeds in this article.
Table of Contents
- How to Grow Pomegranate from Seeds?
- Caring and Trimming of Pomegranates Tree
- Harvesting Pomegranate
- Controlling Insects and Diseases
How to Grow Pomegranate from Seeds?
Since pomegranate seeds sprout quickly without any assistance, you should know how to plant them. The fleshy aril enveloping the sources needs to be removed before they are planted, and loose soil should be used with a 1/2-inch thick layer of soil as a covering. Second, on your list of pomegranate seed maintenance concerns should be heated. These seeds will begin to sprout in approximately 30 to 40 days at regular room temperature. Tips for How to Grow Pomegranate from Seeds.
Tips for Growing Pomegranate
- Choose a spot for planting that will receive full direct sunlight and has loamy soil or sandy loam.
- Till plants become established, provide additional water during the first year of growth.
- Make careful to provide enough space between trees and keep them away from buildings and other vegetation, as standards can get extremely big.
- Choose a mini cultivar in the alternative.
Steps to Grow Pomegranate from Seeds
1. Collect the seeds:
Getting some pomegranate seeds is the first step. Locating a tree with recently-ripened fruit is your best bet. In your neighbourhood, you can participate if someone has extra fruit because the trees typically produce an excess of them. The alternative is to use pomegranate seeds, which you can buy as sweets at your neighbourhood grocery store. Many of them are hand-selected before being put in tubs without any other ingredients.
2. Sprout the pomegranate seeds:
Make sure to cover the dirt with water after it is in place. You can put the dirt in a tub and leave it there to soak for about an hour. Transfer it next to a different container with drainage holes. Keep track of how soon the water penetrates the substrate when you water it again. The rate of saturation is what is meant by this.
3. To get soil and seed prepared:
Purchase tiny plastic pots for the seedlings before ceramic bonsai containers as a favour to yourself. Spending money on dwarf varieties that might not thrive or develop properly is not something you want to do. Also available are seed trays that can be purchased and afterwards transplanted.
4. Removing the damaged parts:
Small, pinkish or reddish-coloured fleshy portions surround pomegranate seeds. If you don’t get rid of them early, they start to grow mould and the seeds start to rot. Additionally, due to the smell of the fleshy portion, it could draw insects and field mice.
Fill a basin with water and add the seeds to it. You can use your fingertips to gently rub the meaty area off. If the flavour appeals to you, you can remove the fleshy portion of the seed before submerging it in water. In either case, make sure it’s all gone, but don’t let the seed become too dry.
Caring and Trimming of Pomegranates Tree
Pomegranates naturally develop as shrubs, as was already said. And can grow to a height of 15 to 20 feet with a spread of almost the same. To give the plant time to establish itself. It is recommended to postpone pruning until the first year of its life.
In the second year, select 3 to 5 of the strongest vertical branches and prune the remaining branches and smaller branches that fall below the desired height and shape of the canopy. If you prefer to mould the plant into a tree.
Every year, suckers should be removed because they use the plant’s energy without providing any benefit. If you’d like, these can be multiplied to create additional plants.
Consider pruning in the late winter. Early to mid-spring is when active growth begins, and most places see blooming throughout spring until October. Pomegranate trees will generate new flowers in at least 3 phases throughout the flowering season.
On the terminals of the branches, the blossoms form. These flowers can keep producing fruit throughout the season, but depending on your region, the fruits that mature later are typically smaller in size. And may not fully ripen until the end of fall.
Pruning should be avoided once the plant starts to generate buds because doing so will decrease fruit output. Remove any broken or diseased branches in the late winter to make room for new growth in the spring.
Also, remove any damaged sections that did not survive the winter. Additionally, this will maintain the tree or shrub’s size and shape moderately for the rest of the year.
Maintaining the plant’s shape helps with harvesting ease as well. Otherwise, you’ll have to wade through a thorny thicket to collect fruit. Additionally, it creates room in the canopy so that light and air can enter, keeping the plant healthy and promoting faster ripening of fruits.
It’s important to keep in mind that if you let the shrub develop naturally. It can contain too much humidity, which could stunt flowering and cause blossom drop. You should still prune the plant to maintain proper ventilation even if you don’t prune for shape.
You could come across advice for summer trimming in various informational sources. While summer is a viable period for pruning. Your tree or shrub will also be heavily loaded with fruit that is just starting to ripen.
If you don’t have a compelling reason, such as significant disease or infestation-related damage, now is not the time to reduce it. Prior to the start of budding, consider cutting back the branches no more than six to eight inches. And no more than a third of the branches at once, to maintain plant structure. Remember that, depending on the variety. Each blossom may, with complete pollination, produce a fruit that weighs anywhere from one-quarter to three-quarters of a pound. Because pomegranate trees aren’t recognised for being able to support much weight, having too many fruits on a branch might be problematic, especially for young, vulnerable trees.
If the tree’s branches start to droop because they are so heavy, pluck off a few immature fruits or a few surviving blooms to relieve the pressure before the limb breaks. When rainfall and water availability change, fruit is also more prone to shattering.
Other factors could cause the fruit to split. To stop pests and diseases from overwintering there or from being attracted to the tree. Any fruit that has not fully ripened by the end of the growing season should be trimmed from the tree.
You can compost immature fruits as long as there are no indications of disease or pest damage, but you should cut them open to check the inside before adding them to your compost pile. If you’d rather not compost them or you notice damage, such as black or brown stains, mould, mildew, or obvious pests. You can instead dispose of them in a tightly packed trash bag.
Perhaps waiting for the harvest is the hardest aspect of caring for a pomegranate tree or bush, after pruning. The time it takes for the fruits to develop and mature might range from five to seven months, depending on the type.
After planting, trees normally begin to yield a harvestable crop two to five years later. Unless you know what to look for, it might be difficult to tell if the fruits are ripe because they might not have changed much throughout the last few months of growing. The typical harvest window for fruits that are set in March or April is from August to October.
Check the characteristics of the cultivar and growing environment you have chosen. When the fruits are ready for harvest, you’ll note three main changes: the pericarp’s more angular shape; the skin’s smoother quality and deeper colour; and the fruit’s heavier weight. In this article, we are discussing how to grow pomegranates from seeds.
Put on a set of thick gloves and prepare to harvest carefully to prevent getting poked by pointed thorns. Pulling fruit off of branches is not a good idea because it can harm the fruit.
Instead, cut the stems off of the fruit as near as possible with a pair of sharp garden shears. To prevent bruising or scuffing, place the fruit carefully into your hod or another collection basket of your choice.
While commercially grown kinds are more resilient to a few bumps and pokes, some cultivars may prove to be more delicate. Even a long stem poking its neighbour in the bowl may cause mild harm. Pick male blossoms that won’t yield fruit from the branches as soon as they open. If you want to use the flowers for preparing tea.
The ideal blooms, which bear fruit after pollination, have a larger bulbous shape at the base. Which houses the ovary, whilst the male blossoms are slightly smaller but also shaped like a bell. This distinguishes the two. While they are still young and green on the tree, leaves can be picked whenever you like.
Controlling Insects and Diseases
If planted in an appropriate climate and given the right care, pomegranates are less susceptible to pests and illnesses than many different kinds of fruit trees.
There are only a few unwelcome visitors that you might encounter, such as squirrels, aphids, leaf-footed beetles, and leafroller caterpillars. Squirrels can be extremely difficult to manage. But most of the time you can at least keep the amount of fruit lost to them by utilising techniques. Like placing decoys of animals to drive them away and wrapping developing fruit in barrier bags.
In the case of mild infestations, insect pests can also be a nuisance. Yet when infestations are large, they can result in significant crop losses. Heart rot and Cercospora fungus are two diseases that can be challenging to control in pomegranates.
The best course of action is to respond quickly to assess the issue and create a plan to stop future damage, whenever your plants exhibit symptoms of disease or pest damage. Such as leaves and bud drops, discolouration, or damaged fruit or leaves.
How much time does it take a pomegranate to grow from a seed?
Depending on how well you take care of it, pomegranate seeds can take a while to develop into bonsai that bear fruit. Generally speaking, it could take up to three years. From seed to first flower and ultimately fruit, my backyard pomegranate tree took around three years. However, bonsais require special care because you must prune them for a year and keep them small. The fruit and blooms will be smaller, and you need to watch that it doesn’t weigh down the branches too much.
When does the pomegranate flower?
Between September and February, pomegranates are in season.
How can we determine when a pomegranate is ready to be harvested?
A ripe pomegranate should have strong, crisp skin and feel heavy for its size as if it is packed with juice. When you bite into the juicy, plump seeds and arils, they will pop in your mouth.
Also Read: How to Grow Apricots from Seed